Annapolis Heritage Society | Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia

17th Century

La Maison Acadienne in the Historic Gardens

Maison Acadienne, St. George Street, c. 1671 (Picture from 2003)

This replica of a 17th century Acadian home demonstrates a small infill and post and beam structure with parged walls and small paned windows containing glass panes or animal hides. It was built in 1981-82 based on the best information available at the time, but by 1995, much more specific evidence of appropriate Acadian design techniques was available, and the home was largely rebuilt in 1996. The walls are mud, and there is an interior clay chimney with a stone fireplace. The bake oven, also made of local clay, is on the exterior chimney wall. The thatch on the roof comes from the Gardens’ own stand of Norfolk reed, an excellent, long-wearing thatching material.

The Acadians grew medicinal herbs and a variety of vegetables, including beets, carrots, onions, chives, parsnips, cabbages and turnips, some of which can be seen in the potager. This evocative kitchen garden has four symmetrical beds in traditional French style, with hedges and a pole fence to keep out foraging animals. A small orchard surrounded by a French willow hedge contains early varieties of apples and pears.